How To Prepare Your Soil For Your New Turf grass Soil Preparation

There are certain things that you must do to ensure the turf grass thrives and stays healthy. These steps are taken prior to the installation. Failure to prepare your soil properly could result in death of the sod grass or poor health for the grass. There is no better time to do this than before any planting takes place.

Benefits of Proper and Complete Soil Preparation

  • Improved uniformity
  • Increased density
  • Faster recovery from wear
  • Reduced use of water, fertilizer, & chemicals
  • Reduced maintenance


How Deep Should the Soil Be For Turf grass?

The absolute minimum quality soil depth for a care-free lawn is 10 cm (4 inches); however, for deeper root penetration and the benefits that brings, the accepted standard is 15 cm (6 inches).



Preparing Your Soil For Planting (Guide Prepared by TPI Turf grass Producers International)

  1. Clear the site of all building materials (wood, cement, bricks, etc.), as well as any buried stumps, rocks , stones or other debris that is larger than 4-5 cm (2-3 inches) in diameter.

  2. Rough grade the entire area to eliminate any drainage problems on the property. This would include sloping the grade away from building foundations, eliminating or reducing severe slopes and filling low-lying areas. A tractor-mounted blade and/or box are most often used for rough grading, but if the area is smaller, it can be done with hand tools. The rough grading will probably uncover more debris that should be removed and not buried.

  3. Initial tilling, to a depth of at least 5 cm (2 inches), should be completed prior to adding any topsoil or soil amendments. This will control most annual weeds, alleviate subsoil compaction and permit a bonding of the topsoil to the subsoil and improve root penetration and water movement.

  4. Add topsoil to achieve a total topsoil depth of 10-15 cm (4-6 inches), after firming. The topsoil should be a loamy sand, sandy loam, clay loam, loam, silt loam, sandy clay loam or other soil suitable for the area. To the extent possible, practical, affordable and available, incorporate humus (fully decomposed organic matter) into the topsoil.

  5. Test the soil pH with a chemical soil test to determine if any pH correction materials are required. Acidic soils (pH of 6 and below) can be improved with the addition of lime. The type (or source) and total amount of applied lime will be determined by the level of acidity and should be based on the recommendations of a reliable garden center or turf professional.

    Alkaline soils (pH of 7.5 and higher) can be improved with the addition of sulfur or gypsum. As with acidic soil correction materials, the type and total amount of materials will be determined by the level of alkalinity and should be based on professional recommendations.

  6. Apply "starter fertilizer" that is high in phosphate (P, or the middle number on a bag of fertilizer), at a rate recommended for the particular product. To prevent root injury to newly installed turf grass sod, this fertilizer should be worked into the top 7 to 10 cm (3-4 inches).
    Finish grade the entire site, maintaining the rough grading contours and slopes, with a tractor-mounted box blade on large areas or heavy-duty rake on smaller sites.

  7. Roll the area with a lawn roller one third full of water to firm and settle the surface and reveal any low spots that should be filled to match the surrounding grade surface. If time permits, allow the area to settle further with rainfall or by applying irrigation water.

This site is now ready for turf grass sod. With this degree of careful and thoughtful soil preparation, the resultant lawn will be absolutely beautiful and require less maintenance, smaller quantities of applied water, fertilizer and pesticides, as it maintains a high degree of density and uniformity and recovers much more rapidly from wear. For years to come, your investment in soil preparations will yield a high return.

 

Additional Sod Resources

Download and view PDF's on Turf grass sod installation, benefits, courtesy of Turf grass Producers International.

Benefits Of Turf grass

Artificial Grass and Turf. Separating Myth and Fact

Establishing Your Lawn

Measuring for Turf grass Installation

Turf grass Installation Guide

Why are Most Lawns Sodded

 

Seven Cities Sod Contact Information

Seven Cities Sod Address:
12554 210th Street
Davenport. IA 52806

Phone: 563.391.1663

Fax: 563.391.5790

 

 

 

Contact Us

To The Top